Upper Primary

9 and 10 Year-Olds


In the ninth year, a child’s awareness of self grows stronger, which signals an exciting new stage of cognitive growth, evident in the 9 year-old’s increasing mastery of academic skills.  This sharpened sense of individuality can also manifest in new worries, fears and more critical nature. 9 year-olds want to know the ‘how’ and ‘why’ behind what was once taken for granted and so may engage in persistent questioning and challenging of those in authority, whether in regards to a rule, a fact, or questions of a more philosophical nature. As they achieve more fluency in reading, children utilize this new tool to acquire their own information and begin the process of organizing and interpreting this information in written form. The 10 year-old settles into this new sense of self and works to integrate new concepts and skills while feeling content with his/her accomplishments.   9 and 10 year-olds are increasingly able to apply the concepts and skills they have gathered in new and challenging ways. As most 9 and 10 year-olds have acquired sufficient reading skills, homework is now introduced as a way to practice skills learned as well as to foster individual responsibility and healthy study habits.

School Day: 8:30 a.m. - 2:30 p.m. with the option of Extended Day through 4:30 p.m.

Language Arts

‘Reading to learn’; reading fiction and non-fiction- individually and in small interest-based groups; reading with expression and comprehension; identifying plot, theme, and characterization; creative and expository writing; writing poetry; learning parts of speech; studying Norse mythology; biography; using cursive in daily work; editing and drafting/revision process; writing reports- researching and organizing information; spelling; presenting scripted plays; developing Spanish speaking skills.

Show More


Mastering and applying basic facts; re-grouping; solving multistep problems; rounding and estimating; working with basic fractions; performing multiplication and division; identifying appropriate arithmetic function to solve word problems; mapping- using scale; making change; measuring length, height, weight, volume and time; gathering, interpreting and comparing data.

Show More

Social Studies

Understanding a people far away and nearby; Freedom and Equality (Slavery/Harriet Tubman, Civil Rights/ M.L. King, Jr.) and on alternate years, A Different Culture utilizing historical fiction and non-fiction along with pertinent projects, writing tasks, field trips and end-of-year presentation; researching and report writing; mapping- local geography, writing directions, treasure/scavenger hunts.

Show More


Investigating animals and plants and the concept of a habitat; experimenting with magnets- energy and direction; recording observation of Nature through word and image; gardening-vegetables and herbs; composting and recycling.

Show More

Physical Education

Nature hikes; playing indoors and out; exercising gross motor skills through running, jumping, hopping, climbing, balancing; developing fine motor skills through  craft work, painting and drawing activities